This Shabbat – Mishpatim – is Shabbat Mevarchim of the month of Adar Rishon 5779. We all know the special Takanna of the Frierdike Rebbe, to say the entire Tehillim on Shabbat Mevarchim. Let us keep in mind what we just learned this week in the Hayom Yom (24 Shevat): “If you only knew the power that lies in the verses of Tehillim and their effect in the celestial heights,” the Tzemach Tzedek once said, “you would recite them all the time. Know that the chapters of Tehillim break through all barriers and soar aloft from level to level, unimpeded. They intercede before the Master of the Universe and secure their effect with kindness and mercy.”
Tishrei 5697 (1936), the Frierdike Rebbe was in Poland. We have some of the Sichos that he said as some of the Chassidim transcribed them. During the Farbrengen of Simchas Torah, the Frierdike Rebbe repeated a saying that he heard “in jest” from his father, the Rebbe Rashab: Regarding blessing the new moon on Shabbat Mevarchim, it is written in the Siddur: “It is good to know the Mollad – time of the birth of the new moon – before we make the blessing on the new moon”. We can learn from this: “Before we attempt to do a new Avoda, and sanctify this new path of Avoda, we must know our own Mollad – for what purpose were we born”.
In that Farbrengen, the Frierdike Rebbe spoke of the power of saying Tehillim, in general, and Shabbat Mevarchim in specific (Hayom Yom 25 Shevat): “Studying a passage of Chumash every day with the commentary of Rashi (reading the first aliyah of the coming Shabbos on Sunday, the second on Monday, and so on), reciting [the daily bracket of chapters of] Tehillim every day, reciting the entire Book of Tehillim on Shabbos Mevarchim -these things must be carefully observed. Doing so impacts the individual, his children, and his grandchildren.”
He then told the following story: During the time of the holy Baal Shem Tov, a heavenly decree was issued for the destruction of a certain Jewish settlement, R”L. The Baal Shem Tov called upon his friends, the hidden Tzaddikim, Reb Mordechai and Reb Kehos, to form a Beis Din and find a way to nullify the decree. The Beis Din convened, and the Baal Shem Tov’s soul ascended to the heavenly worlds above. There he saw that the order had already been sealed and could not be annulled.
On his descent back to the physical world, as he passed through the heavenly spheres, the Baal Shem Tov saw a magnificent light created by the words of Tehillim which were recited by a simple villager. The villager would complete the entire Sefer Tehillim five times daily, but, being a simpleton and quite ignorant, he sometimes said Tehillim in unclean places. Nevertheless, Hashem valued this simple man’s Tehillim so much, that a select portion of Olam Haba awaited him. Seeing this, the Baal Shem Tov travelled to this man and asked him, “Would you be willing to sacrifice your portion of Olam Haba to save an entire Jewish community?” The simple Yid responded, “If I have Olam Haba, I am ready to forfeit it for such a cause.” Hence, the decree was annulled.”
Someone then asked the Frierdike Rebbe: How is it possible for one person to say the whole Tehillim 5 times a day? The Rebbe responded: H would constantly say it. When he would chop wood, he would say Tehillim etc. Being that he was a simple person, and did not know all the halachos of where one may say words of Torah, he would say Tehillim everywhere. Not only is Hashem, not upset at this – as he is officially “transgressing” the rules of Torah – the sincerity causes great pleasure.
The Frierdike Rebbe then told another story: Rebbi Akiva once heard a simple person saying the Shema. This person would say Shema with much devotion, but he would make a huge mistake: Instead of saying “Hashem Echad – G-d Almighty is one”, he would say “Hashem Acher – There are other Hashem’s (G-d forbid)”. Rabbi Akiva tried correcting this person, but the simple person could not change his ways. Now, knowing that it was wrong, he stopped saying, Shema. It was then revealed to Rabbi Akiva, that because of him, Hashem was “missing out” on the great pleasure that would have from the sincerity of the Tefilla of this person.
In Footnote 23 of that Sicha, the Rebbe tells us to look into a Midrash on Shir Hashirim. What does it say in that Midrash? The Passuk (Shir Hashirim 2:4) says: “He brought me to the banquet hall, and his attraction to me [was symbolic of his] love.” The Midrash asks: “What type of attraction are we talking about? It answers in the name of Rabbi Acha: ” Because Hashem’s loves the Jewish people so much, even is they (mistakenly) mixup “Ahava- love” with “Aiva – hate”, Hashem still loves them.” This is because Hashem knows what is going on in the heart of the Jew. Moshiach NOW!!!